3 Steps to Prevent Razor Bumps and Folliculitis on Your Bikini Line

If you’ve ever worn a bikini, then chances are you’re familiar with the common annoyance of razor bumps (also known as ingrown hairs or folliculitis). Unfortunately, those pesky bumps are more than just unsightly; they can also increase your risk of harmful infections and lingering red skin bumps. That said, when preparing for bikini season, it’s in your best interests to know how to prevent and manage razor bumps to ensure you have a happy swim season.

What Exactly Are Razor Bumps (Folliculitis and Ingrown Hairs)?

Before we dive into how to prevent razor bumps, it helps to know a bit about what they are and where they come from.

The clinical name for razor bumps is folliculitis. In a nutshell, folliculitis is an inflammation and infection of your hair follicles. This condition can sprout up on any part of your body that has hair, but it’s most common to those areas that experience a lot of friction from rubbing, clothing, or your razor, so you’ll often see it on the face and scalp, as well as the thigh and groin area AKA your bikini line.

Folliculitis begins when your hair follicles are blocked or irritated by sweat, oils, and makeup, and, in the case of your bikini line, the combination of shaving and wearing tight bathing suits. Basically, if your hair follicles are compromised in any way, then bacteria, yeast, and fungus can make its way in and result in folliculitis.

1. Exfoliate Regularly

Regular exfoliation is a killer defense against razor bumps and ingrown hairs because it sloughs off dead skin cells and all of the infection-causing gunk that comes with them. But what a lot of people don’t realize is that using a loofah or dry brush isn’t your best exfoliation technique; in fact, doing so can even damage or irritate skin, especially sensitive skin types.

Rather than scrub away at your body, use a gentle chemical exfoliant instead (which is not nearly as scary as it sounds). A quality cleanser that contains salicylic acid (a common acne treatment) is a great exfoliant as it will slough off those dead skin cells without irritating the skin while also preventing future infections.

2. Cleanse Often

Speaking of cleansers, make sure you have a quality one as it’s one of your best lines of defense against folliculitis. Ideally, your cleanser should be gentle on skin and tough on microbes.  Take care to cleanse before and after shaving as well as within an hour of any rigorous physical activity.

3. Use Proper Shaving Techniques

The method and tools you use to shave can also play a big part in preventing folliculitis. For starters, start out with clean skin and a clean tools.  Also, do not dry shave; always use a non-drying, effective skin cleanser beforehand to prevent irritation. Moreover, shaving with a dull blade can irritate the skin further, so be sure to use a sharp one and never share razors with someone else.

Additionally, make sure to shave in the same direction that your hair grows, rather than against it.  Finally, applying a cool washcloth post-shave can help to sooth the skin and reduce irritation.

Disclaimer: The contents of this website are for informational purposes only and do not constitute medical advice. The information, graphics, and images on this website are not intended to substitute diagnosis and/or treatment by a medical professional. These products have been clinically tested and proven to be safe for intended use. Always seek the advice of a physician with any questions you may have regarding a specific medical condition.

Top 5 Ways to Find Skin-Friendly Products

When I founded CLn Skin Care several years ago, it was very important to me

that I develop a mild, well-tolerated cleanser that was also effective. I’d just suffered from a skin infection myself, and I found many products to be very irritating. So, I sought the advice and partnership of renowned physicians, dermatologists and scientists to create my patented, gentle, but clinically proven line of skin cleansers. I learned a great deal about what makes a product suitable for sensitive skin. I also learned about finding other non-irritating skin care products.

Read on to discover how to avoid and deal with common skin irritants.

1. Avoid SLS

SLS (sodium lauryl sulfate) is a common additive to skin care products. It helps create lather and is inexpensive. Many manufacturers use it in shampoos, body washes, etc. SLS can sting or irritate sensitive skin, however. CLn cleansers contain Sodium Laureth Sulfate (SLES), which is believed to be less irritating to the skin than SLS.

 2. Look for Product Testing Results

Many skin products—if they are not classified as “drugs”—have not been thoroughly vetted. In fact, the FDA only requires testing on color additives in cosmetics, and nothing else. Some personal care items contain drying alcohols or preservatives (such as parabens) that can actually cause skin irritation. So always look for a product’s research results. And be wary of big claims not backed by evidence.

We at CLn Skin Care believe in science for both developing and testing products. CLn BodyWash, our flagship product, has been reviewed and analyzed by a luminary board of medical advisors. We have also performed 2 Clinical Studies in children with moderate-to-severe eczema. The studies found that CLn BodyWash is non-irritating and safe for use in children 6+ months. And although CLn is not tear-free, we have tested to ensure that, if exposed to eyes, CLn can simply be rinsed out with no ill effects.

3. Make Sure Your Product is Highly Recommended

Treating skin conditions can be frustrating, result in unwanted side effects, or be downright counterproductive if the wrong product is used. New products pop up faster than they can even be proven. This leads consumers to question how they know if a product is the “real deal.” Looking at ratings and reviews can help. Also, analyze a product’s credentials. CLn Skin Care is recommended by over 6,000 doctors in the US and by international dermatologists such as Dr. Richard Aron. Dr. Aron added CLn products to his Aron Regimen to combat Staph bacteria and also as a way to reduce his regimen’s use of antibiotics. CLn has been used by tens of thousands of patients with essentially no or minimal issues of irritation reported.

4. Know What to do if Your Skin is Easily Irritated

All products—even water, actually—can sting skin that is already irritated, broken or compromised. Always discuss skin irritation with your doctor to rule out obvious causes and to minimize discomfort. And if irritation seems to happen regularly, consider keeping a journal of products used and outcomes so that your doctor can suggest products to avoid. You might want to consider allergy tests, too. Follow your doctor’s advice on dealing with skin that is already irritated. And when using products in the shower, make sure that skin is thoroughly wet before applying, and rinse off thoroughly to minimize irritation.

5. Minimize Risk when Trying New Products

Skin is a complicated organ. And no two people have the exact same skincare routine success. As noted above, products vary in quality and safety and can contain irritants. If shopping for new skin care products, look atSkin friendly Skin Care productsreturn/exchange information. More credible companies will offer free returns or exchanges—which you can usually take as a sign that they believe in their product. Keep your receipts and make a note of return/exchange windows.

We hope this primer on skin care irritant avoidance has helped you. Feel free to reach out to us with skin care questions.  And don’t forget to subscribe to our blog (on the right) to get skin care tips and alerts delivered to your inbox.

Disclaimer: The contents of this website are for informational purposes only and do not constitute medical advice. The information, graphics, and images on this website are not intended to substitute diagnosis and/or treatment by a medical professional. These products have been clinically tested and proven to be safe for intended use. Always seek the advice of a physician with any questions you may have regarding a specific medical condition.

Ready to Head Outdoors? Your Guide for Spring Skin is Here.

Parents and especially for kids can feel like winter lasts for an eternity. Once

Spring Skincare for kids
Spring is a glorious season, but any seasonal change can trigger skin conditions

we’ve had our fill of the snow, holidays and cuddling by the fire, we longingly look out the window. We imagine warmer days when everyone can enjoy the sun and space to run free.

Even with all the anticipation and excitement, parents know the seasonal transition also comes with new challenges. Sun, dirt, sweat, pollens, and knee scrapes mean lots of preparation and care. To help ease you into a sunnier season, we’ve put together a Spring Skin Care Guide to protect you and yours.

Spring Skin Care Guide

Choose the Right Sunscreen

Before you run outside to soak in that Vitamin D, choose a mild sunscreen specifically designed for kids to protect your child’s skin from burning, drying or blistering. WebMD offers excellent advice on why it is so essential to choose sunscreen designed for kids: “The sensitive skin of babies and children is easily irritated by chemicals in adult sunscreens, so avoid sunscreens with para-aminobenzoic acid (PABA) and benzophenones like dioxybenzone, oxybenzone, or sulisobenzone. Children’s sunscreens use ingredients less likely to irritate the skin, such as titanium dioxide and zinc oxide. Unlike chemical ingredients, these protect babies’ skin without being absorbed.”

Watch for Gardening-related Rashes

Kids can learn many lessons in the garden from watching seeds grow into delicious vegetables or beautiful plants. Unfortunately, pesky plants and microbes that cause rashes and breakouts also dwell in gardens. Kids and adults alike should always wear gloves and thoroughly cleanse hands, arms, and faces after gardening.

Shower After Fun in the Sandbox

There isn’t much you can do to make playtime in the sandbox a clean activity. In addition to the literal mess of gritty particles, sandboxes are truly filthy. Slate.com famously captured parents’ disdain for sandboxes in an article titled, “Sandboxes are Disgusting.” But kids are drawn to them, most parks and preschools have them, and telling your child not to go in them is like telling a fish not to swim.

So…to mitigate those disgusting germs, you should wipe down hands and feet with Wet Ones or similar wipes immediately after playing in a sandbox. Then haul your kid home for a bath. Use an effective cleanser like CLn BodyWash , which is tough on microbes, but gentle on skin. And since it can be used on babies 6+ months, it is the perfect after-sandbox cleanser to make the experience a little less gross for the whole family.

Be Prepared for Seasonal Skin Changes Such As…

Eczema Flares

If your child lives with eczema and seasonal allergies are a trigger, be prepared

Spring Skincare
Pollen can cause eczema flares

with your toolkit when Spring arrives. As the flowers bloom and pollens blow in the wind, it’s time to utilize the eczema-safe skin products and doctor-prescribed protocol to keep flare-ups at bay. Keep an eye on pollen reports and make a note of significant triggers. Avoid exposure to triggers when at all possible. Shower after time outdoors to rinse away pollens and consider air conditioning instead of open windows on days when pollen counts are high. Also, washing all clothes after wearing (instead of re-wearing) can help reduce pollen exposure.

Sweat-induced Folliculitis

All of that open space to run and play is a relief to us all, but it also means we sweat a lot more. Of course, sweat, when combined with bacteria, can cause clogged pores resulting in an embarrassing breakout-like skin condition called folliculitis. So, get into the habit of instituting a proper cleansing routine as part of the evening wind-down. CLn BodyWash or SportWash are both suitable for kids and are designed for skin prone to irritation and folliculitis.

Increased Foot Odor

Even tiny feet can cause BIG foot odor when sweat and bacteria combine. Have your kids wear socks and wash their shoes frequently. Also, consider 1-2 minutes of cleansing feet with CLn to helps neutralize odor-causing bacteria.

Armed with a few quick tips, a healthy appetite for fun, and the right products to protect your skin, Spring is bound to be a fun and sunny season.


Disclaimer: The contents of this website are for informational purposes only and do not constitute medical advice. The information, graphics, and images on this website are not intended to substitute diagnosis and/or treatment by a medical professional. These products have been clinically tested and proven to be safe for intended use. Always seek the advice of a physician with any questions you may have regarding a specific medical condition.

Skin Picking is Common. So are Infections. Be in the Know.

The time to pack away winter clothes, coats and scarves is upon us. For some,

Skin Picking Struggle
Hiding under layers of clothes can be a coping mechanism for people who struggle with skin picking

it means a loss of security. Wounds on the skin are difficult to hide when it’s 85 degrees, and long sleeves look out of place. For those of us who struggle with skin picking, the concept of relaxing by the pool may not be a comforting image.

There are many reasons people give in to the urge to pick their skin. For individuals who live with psoriasis or eczema, dryness and itching can make it feel satisfying to peel away scabs. When acne or even the occasional pimple strikes, it’s the desire to make that nuisance go away. In some cases, dermatillomania, a repetitive behavior disorder caused by stress, anxiety or other reasons may be the root issue of skin picking. The causes may vary. But we have all picked at our skin, and we all know that it’s an unhealthy habit.

If skin-picking is something we all occasionally do for one reason or another, the next best thing to going cold turkey is learning about the risks and how to combat infection.

The Risks of Skin Picking


When you break the skin either by picking or popping that pimple, you create an open wound, vulnerable to bacteria. Most wounds will heal on their own if scabs are not disturbed, but infections—including staph infections–are a reason for concern and need proper treatment. Signs of infection are skin redness, feelings of heat around the affected area, visible pus and fever.

Tissue Damage

If skin-picking is habitual, the tissue is at risk for permanent damage. The repercussions can be severe and, in some cases, require grafting to repair the tissue. Picking at nails and cuticles, although not uncommon, can damage nail beds and lead to pits in nails or “puffy” looking cuticles.


When the dermis (the deep, thick layer of skin) is damaged, scarring most often results. Acne scars are among the most common type of scars, and they are made considerably worse by skin picking.

Self-Esteem Issues

Our skin is our largest organ–and also the most visible. When we have wounds that are exposed to the world, the self-confidence we all strive for becomes a challenge. Skin picking can feel satisfying at the time, but the after-effects are most certainly not.

When it is Necessary to Seek Medical Help

Minor or occasional skin picking is not too concerning. Using a cleanser like CLn on the compromised skin is recommended for skin prone to infection. And addressing contributing factors also helps.

Repeated skin picking that damages skin or skin picking that causes deep wounds requires a visit with medical professionals for instructions on the best method for skin recovery. Doctors or nurses can advise on the proper wound dressings, antibacterial measures and behavior modifications necessary to heal.

For people who live with more severe dermatillomania, there is a way out. If

Skin Picking treatment
Skin picking is a treatable condition, and many sufferers find relief and greater confidence once the condition is under control

you or a loved one have a habit you find impossible to overcome alone, remember that there are other people like you. Behavioral and pharmacological treatments are available so you can begin the recovery process of healing from the inside and out. Skin picking can be difficult to deal with, but the healthy skin that results when we stop is a gift.

Disclaimer: The contents of this website are for informational purposes only and do not constitute medical advice. The information, graphics, and images on this website are not intended to substitute diagnosis and/or treatment by a medical professional. These products have been clinically tested and proven to be safe for intended use. Always seek the advice of a physician with any questions you may have regarding a specific medical condition.

Hear what Eczema Specialist Dr. Aron has to say about causes of Eczema & how he uses CLn


Dr. Richard Aron on causes of Eczema
Dr. Richard Aron uses CLn Body Wash and Gentle Shampoo as part of his famous Aron Regimen

As a physician and inventor, I welcome any and all opportunities to discuss health issues with other medical professionals. At the most recent American Academy of Dermatology meeting, I had the chance to sit down with the esteemed South African eczema specialist Dr. Richard Aron. Read on to hear what Dr. Aron of the famous Aron Regimen has to say about causes of eczema and how he uses CLn.

 Dr. Aron’s Beliefs on What Causes Eczema

Dr. Aron has firm beliefs regarding what causes eczema. Read a transcript of our discussion below or watch the video to learn about his point of view.

Dr. Anwar:  We have noticed recently you have added the CLn Body Wash to your regimen. Could explain the reasoning for that for the audience?

Dr. Aron:  Certainly. Fundamental to my regimen and the positive outcomes which it achieves in a great number of patients is the understanding and the perception that the key trigger in active AD [atopic dermatitis] is the presence of Staphylococcus aureus. And it has been established through research by Dr. Nakamura and her team out of the University of Michigan that the delta toxin of Staphylococcus aureus acts as a poison, resulting in degranulation of the mast cells in the skin, causing an outflow of histamine which creates the flares and consequently this is the reason why I use the antibiotic compound to eliminate the Staph.

Now, what does one do to prevent reinoculation by Staphylococcus aureus? I have found that the use of sodium hypochlorite is a very effective preventative agent if used in the correct way. Now, I do not favor the use of raw bleach at all but I am using CLn Body Wash and other [CLn] products, including the Gentle Shampoo, for my patients as a maintenance treatment to reduce the potential for reinfection. One has to treat bleach with caution. Some patients will not tolerate it, but fortunately, I have found that the vast majority of patients in regard to the formulation of CLn products are able to comfortably continue treatment with this particular product range.

Dr. Aron’s Use of CLn for Patients in the Non-Acute Phase of Atopic Dermatitis

Dr. Aron recently added CLn BodyWash and Gentle Shampoo to his Aron Regimen. He prescribes CLn products for patients who have passed through the acute phase of the condition. Read (or watch) how he recommends the cleansers be added to maintenance routines.

Dr. Anwar:  When do you add the CLn range into your regimen?

Dr. Aron:  I do not use it in the acute phase of the inflammation, but as soon as I have obtained what I consider to be adequate control of eczema and the patient’s inflammatory aspects have calmed down by measuring the level of reduction in itch and the improvement in the level of the sleep pattern, I then introduce the product usually on a three times weekly basis.

We hope you’ve found this informational post helpful. We are refreshing CLn Skin Care’s YouTube channel to include additional interviews with doctors that use CLn in their practices. And we’ll have some follow-up interviews with past CLn users posted soon as well. Stay tuned for more video content soon!

Disclaimer: The contents of this website are for informational purposes only and do not constitute medical advice. The information, graphics, and images on this website are not intended to substitute diagnosis and/or treatment by a medical professional. These products have been clinically tested and proven to be safe for intended use. Always seek the advice of a physician with any questions you may have regarding a specific medical condition.

Hot Tub Folliculitis: Pools aren’t fun when they leave you infected

hot tub folliculitis
Shower right after your soak session to avoid bacterial infection

Spring Break is right around the corner. For many, that means one last ski trip before the season ends. Plenty others will head to indoor water parks, beach destinations and resorts. Enjoying pools and hot tubs is part of what makes vacations relaxing. But to make sure your soak session does not end in an itchy pool rash called hot tub folliculitis, read on…

 What is Hot Tub Folliculitis?

The term refers to the condition called Pseudomonas aeruginosa folliculitis. Doesn’t sound pleasant, does it? Essentially, bacteria from hot tubs, pools, water parks—even contaminated lakes—enters hair follicles and causes inflammation and infection. The resulting rash typically resembles chicken pox in early stages, then advances to look more like pimples. It can be very itchy and painful. And, it can unfortunately spread once acquired. It is commonly found on the torso under areas covered by swimsuits. But it can also occur on any part of the body where bacteria have been allowed to thrive.

 Why Chlorine is Not Enough to Prevent Hot Tub Infection

swimming pool folliculitis
Crowded, warm pools during peak seasons can increase infection risk

We all rely on chlorine and/or bromine to keep water clean in pools and spas. And for the most part, those chemicals do their job. But Pseudomonas aeruginosa can survive even in chemicals. This is particularly true if the water is warm. Or if it has not been treated frequently enough or a large number of people  are using the space.

Children and People with Compromised Skin Are More at Risk

Children are typically more susceptible to Pseudomonas aeruginosa folliculitis because they tend to spend more time in water than adults. Anyone with compromised skin is also at an increased risk. Skin can be compromised due to the presence of acne or dermatitis, or because of recent hair removal. Individuals with HIV, leukemia, diabetes or other conditions that weaken the immune system are also more susceptible to hot tub folliculitis than the average population.

Hot Tub Folliculitis Can Last Days—or Years

The telltale bumps usually occur on skin within 72 hours of exposure. If left alone and not scratched, they may resolve on their own in as little as a week. Scratching can worsen outcomes and increase healing time. It is generally recommended to see a doctor if the rash is spreading, has not lessened in 7-10 days or pus is increasing. Antibiotics may be prescribed, as in some instances, the legions can become severely infected. Rare cases do not easily resolve with antibiotics. In these cases, it is very difficult to completely eradicate the rash. I have met individuals that have struggled with the condition in excess of 10 years! Although the rash is not contagious via skin-to-skin contact, it spreads readily on affected individuals. When one area is under control, another area may become infected.

Hot Tub Folliculitis: Prevention Tips

Vacation isn’t vacation without a dip in the pool or spa. And for many kids, swimming is the highlight of the trip. So here are our top 5 tips to avoid bringing home an icky pool rash as a souvenir:

  1. Ask pool/spa personnel if the chlorine and pH levels of water are tested daily, and more frequently if more people are in the water during peak seasons.
  2. If any breaks in the skin are present, consider abstaining from swimming until skin is healed. Also consider scheduling hair removal a week prior to your trip to allow irritation to fade.
  3. Don’t stay in wet bathing suits after swimming. Swimsuits should be removed and washed to reduce bacteria.
  4. Shower as soon as possible after swimming. CLn BodyWash and CLn SportWash are designed for skin prone to infection. They are tough on microbes but gentle on skin. The mild formulas can be used daily on children 6+ months and are also suitable for adults. Watch dermatologist Dr. Herron describe how he uses CLn for his folliculitis patients.
  5. Pay attention to your instincts. If biofilm (scum) is present in hot tubs, it is a good indicator that the water is not clean enough. Likewise, if pools are very crowded and warm, know that bacteria counts are likely elevated. Request that water be tested again. And don’t be shy about asking follow up questions. If you have any doubts about the cleanliness of the water, consider another activity.

These tips should help ensure that your skin stays rash-free on vacation. And just in time for Spring Break, we’ve just launched a new On-The-Go 3.0 oz Body Wash. It is perfect for your travel bag. Also, check out this post for tips on how CLn can help with hair removal prep, mani/pedi hygiene, bug bites and more!

Disclaimer: The contents of this website are for informational purposes only and do not constitute medical advice. The information, graphics, and images on this website are not intended to substitute diagnosis and/or treatment by a medical professional. These products have been clinically tested and proven to be safe for intended use. Always seek the advice of a physician with any questions you may have regarding a specific medical condition.

What You Should Know About Shoulder Surgery Infections

Infections after shoulder surgery are not uncommon. In some cases,

Dr. Burkhead is a renowned orthopedic and shoulder surgeon

infections can show up even 1-2 years after the initial procedure. Any infection carries risks, and can also jeopardize positive surgery outcomes. So, it is important to understand what causes shoulder surgery infections, and what can be done to minimize risk. We’ve asked renowned orthopedic and shoulder surgeon Dr. Wayne Buz Burkhead to answer a few questions regarding shoulder surgery.

Shoulder Surgery Infections: Q & A

QUESTION: Surgeons and hospitals take extreme care to avoid infections after the shoulder surgery, so how do infections occur?

While everyone is worried about a hospital acquired infection, many surgical site infections arise from bacteria on the patient’s skin or in the hair follicles just beneath the surface.  Despite the use of IV antibiotic prophylaxis and skin preparation with antiseptics, some of the bacteria can still survive and colonize the wound. In some instances, bacteria can multiply enough so that a clinical infection does occur. Patients can also have skin and nasal passages colonized by bacteria without even knowing it.

QUESTION: Are shoulders prone to any unique infections?

Shoulders are prone to infection caused by an organism known as Propionibacterium acnes shoulder infection. It is the same organism that causes acne. It is in high concentration on the skin and in the hair follicles around the shoulder, especially in younger male patients.

QUESTION: What special steps do you recommend prior to and after shoulder surgery?

In patients with a history of infections, recent hospitalizations or in a high-risk group, we recommend nasal cultures before surgery. There are rapid screening tests for methicillin-resistant staph, but I prefer a standard culture as well because there are other organisms than Staph that can colonize a patient. Unless that organism is sensitive to the prophylactic antibiotics, it will be unaffected, and the patient will be at higher risk for getting a wound infection. If the patient’s nasal cultures are proven (aka positive for Staph infection), then a course of oral antibiotics and a nasal ointment are applied prior to surgery. In addition, daily skin washes about 5 days prior to surgery are recommended. CLn BodyWash or chlorhexidine or a combination of both can be used. Acne should be cleared up as much as possible and skin preparation with Benzoyl peroxide has been recommended for some high-risk patients.

Postoperatively, the patient should keep the dressing dry and avoid excessive perspiration.  While many patients are curious as to what their wound looks like, we prefer that patients turn their heads away from the incision site to avoid breathing on the wound.

QUESTION: Many shoulder surgeries are performed, minimally invasively, arthroscopically. Do these smaller incisions reduce the risk for infection?


QUESTION: What is life like for a patient after a shoulder joint replacement?

Depending on the technique, the patient’s age, and activity level, life can be quite normal.  There are many different types of shoulder joint replacement. The conventional shoulder replacement is a metal-ball mated with a plastic socket cemented into the shoulder blade. For the most part, we try to get patients to limit their weightlifting to avoid excessive stress on this complex joint. I have developed techniques that allow even heavy weightlifters to continue to lift weights in which we avoid the plastic socket and reconstruct the socket with a cadaver graft.

Patients who have combined arthritis and massive tears in the rotator cuff require a special type of prosthesis known as a reverse shoulder replacement. This device substitutes for the rotator cuff. It is called a reverse shoulder because the ball is placed where the patient’s socket was, and a socket is placed where the patient’s ball was. This surgery is generally reserved for older patients. But in some special situations such as tumors or severe trauma, we use this device when no other good alternative is available. In other words, shoulders are complex joints, but I am able to solve shoulder issues via numerous replacement methods to return patients to normal activity.

QUESTION: What is life like for a patient after shoulder arthroscopy and no shoulder joint replacement?

The answer to this question depends on the exact condition being treated with shoulder arthroscopy. For a patient with frozen shoulder that is released arthroscopically, no sling is used and the patient is encouraged to move her arm as much as possible immediately after the surgery. A period of immobilization is mandatory after the arthroscopic treatment of rotator cuff tears and a progressive, careful rehabilitation program must be applied. Even though arthroscopic surgery is minimally invasive surgery, it is not pain-free and the overall healing time when tendons are repaired is no different than when more conventional open surgery is performed.

QUESTION: What are signs of an infection in the shoulder joint? What are the best actions to take if infection is suspected?

The signs of infection are shoulder joint pain out of proportion to the time from the surgery, redness, drainage, heat and swelling. Patients will oftentimes have a low-grade fever with infection. If a patient has any of these symptoms following surgery, they need to contact their surgeon immediately or go to an emergency room to be evaluated. Joint infections–once established–are very difficult to completely eradicate, and the risk of systemic involvement (sepsis) is a possibility. So, they are a true medical emergency that must be addressed rapidly.

QUESTION: What can a patient do before and after surgery to minimize risk of infection?

Top tips are maintaining a healthy diet and avoiding areas such as hospitals or gyms where bacteria is found in high concentrations. Cleaning the skin with a cleanser such as CLn BodyWash and antibacterials like chlorhexidine is mandatory prior to surgery. Avoiding situations where skin cuts and abrasions could occur within 10 days of the planned surgery is also recommended. Cutting down or discontinuing alcohol intake will also make the patient’s immune system more responsive. If the patient has a history of infection, he may want to consult an immunologist to see if there is a problem with his immune system, such as an immunoglobulin insufficiency.

We hope you’ve found this Q & A on shoulder surgeries and infection management helpful. Many of the tips are also relevant to any joint surgery, so we encourage you to discuss infection prevention with your surgeon well before your procedure. Subscribe to CLn’s blog (on the right) to have the latest health news and infection tips delivered right to your inbox.

Disclaimer: The contents of this website are for informational purposes only and do not constitute medical advice. The information, graphics, and images on this website are not intended to substitute diagnosis and/or treatment by a medical professional. These products have been clinically tested and proven to be safe for intended use. Always seek the advice of a physician with any questions you may have regarding a specific medical condition.

CLn’s Recap: 2018 American Academy of Dermatology Convention

CLn Skin Care once again attended the American Academy of Dermatology convention . Thought leaders and esteemed physicians gather at the meeting to provide valuable information on groundbreaking research and the latest updates in patient care. Here’s a quick recap of the AAD convention 2018 and CLn’s role in it.

CLn’s Role at the AAD Convention

We had a wonderful time at the American Academy of Dermatology Annual Meeting in San Diego this past weekend. We were able to speak with many doctors using our products in their practices and others who are excited to start providing CLn. Thank you to everyone who stopped by our booth!

Posted by CLn Skin Care on Tuesday, February 20, 2018


CLn Skin Care was honored to be an exhibitor at the meeting and to have the opportunity to educate health care professionals about the benefits of therapeutic cleansing with CLn. Cleansing should almost always be the first step in dealing with compromised skin, but many cleansers are harsh or ineffective. We received very positive feedback at the American Academy of Dermatology Convention  from doctors that were discovering our product for the first time. They were intrigued with CLn’s patented sodium hypochlorite formula, and especially with the fact that CLn is tough on the microbes that can lead to unwanted conditions, but is gentle on skin.

We heard from many dermatologists that they use CLn themselves, and often recommend us to patients. In addition, we even had the opportunity to meet with and discuss skin health with notable dermatologists such as:

We’ll be updating our website soon with more video interviews and new content from the meeting.

Other Meetings for CLn

CLn also attended the Masters of Pediatric Dermatology meeting in March. We are committed to educating healthcare professionals and consumers alike about the role of therapeutic cleansing. We are proud to be a safe, effective product available for use by anyone 6+ months and older. And we want to make sure that anyone and everyone that can benefit from therapeutic cleansing has the opportunity to use CLn.

Disclaimer: The contents of this website are for informational purposes only and do not constitute medical advice. The information, graphics, and images on this website are not intended to substitute diagnosis and/or treatment by a medical professional. These products have been clinically tested and proven to be safe for intended use. Always seek the advice of a physician with any questions you may have regarding a specific medical condition.

Prep Before You Primp: Cosmetic Treatment Trends of 2018

To cap off our New Year’s theme of selfcare, we’re dedicating a blog post to the most popular cosmetic treatment trends of 2018. In this installment, we’ll give you the scoop on why people seek out treatments like microneedling, dermaplaning and laser re-surfacing. More importantly, we’ll give you tips on how to prep for and recover from any cosmetic treatments you might have planned.

How Cosmetic Treatments Work

Many current and emerging cosmetic treatments have one thing in common–they intentionally, gently break the skin so that it can repair itself. Said another way, technology has made it possible to trigger collagen production and cell turnover (both of which are important for looking youthful) in minimally invasive ways. Below is a breakdown of a few popular treatments of 2018.

Microneedling Treatments

Cleansing before cosmetic procedures reduces risk of infection
Microneedling gently breaks skin to boost collagen production

How it Works:

Just like it sounds, microneedling is the process of inserting thin, short needles into the skin. Some techniques employ skin rollers, while others use a device that resembles a pen. For the best results, regular sessions are recommended.

The Benefits:

This procedure increases collagen and elastin in the skin by a whopping 400% if you undergo sessions once a month. Also, if you combine this treatment with collagen-stimulating skincare products, your results will likely be more impressive. This is because the tiny punctures are believed to aid in product absorption.


Expect your skin to look pink and extra plump after a session. Don’t be alarmed if you notice temporary swelling as the skin recovers. Don’t plan a beach vacation or day by the pool after this procedure, as your skin will be sensitive.

Dermaplaning Treatments

How it Works:

In the simplest terms, dermaplaning is like getting a straight razor shave, but it’s much more thorough. Using a small (and sterile) blade, your aesthetician removes dead skin cells and facial hair from your face.

The Benefits:

Getting dead skin cells and hair out of the way can improve the results you get from skincare products like serums and moisturizers. The process also encourages cell turnover, leaving your skin looking brighter and healthier. Plus, if you use foundation or blush, the “clean canvas” left after dermaplaning allows for smoother, less cakey makeup application.


There’s no downtime for this procedure. Many people opt for it just days before big events.

Laser Re-Surfacing Treatment

How it Works:

Laser re-surfacing sounds a little scary, but actually isn’t. There are more than a dozen different types of lasers used in medical offices that direct short, controlled “laser beams” into the skin with no more discomfort than a feeling of warmth or mild stinging. The beams gently disrupt the skin and, in some cases, underlying tissues.

The Benefits:

Laser re-surfacing is perfect for erasing acne scars and light-to-moderate facial lines. Results are not often immediate because the subsequent collagen production after the procedure can take up to several months.


It is important to understand what type of laser is being used, and how deep the beams of energy are traveling. Some laser treatments have very little downtime. Others can require healing periods of up to two weeks.

Chemical Peels 

How it Works:

Depending on your skin goals (acne scar reduction, age spot fading, fine line minimizing), varying levels of acid are applied to skin. Application times also vary, based on skin sensitivity and desired outcome. The acid dissolves bonds between skin cells, encouraging old cells to slough off and new cells to generate.

The Benefits:

Peels have long been used for anti-aging benefits. They somewhat literally erase old skin so that new skin can grow in its place.


Mild peels result in pinkish skin for a couple of days, but have very little downtime. Stronger peels can cause blistering, scabbing, swelling and several weeks of true downtime. Just like with laser re-surfacing, it is very important to have a full discussion (and comfort level) with the person applying the peel. Make sure you know exactly what to expect, and what to do if you need help with your recovery. Also plan to stay out of the sun for several weeks post-treatment.

Why Skin Treatment Prep Matters

Of course, you’ll do your homework to select a credible doctor’s office or medspa to perform a procedure. But your homework should not stop there. Before any cosmetic treatment that breaks the skin, it is essential to properly cleanse the area to be treated. Because if there are bacteria on your skin when it is broken during a cosmetic procedure, that bacteria can enter your skin and cause infection. Dr. Romine of Camelback Dermatology & Skin Surgery is well-known for cosmetic treatments. Her practice has all patients cleanse with CLn BodyWash  before treatment, as it is specially designed for skin prone to infection.

Why Post Treatment Care Matters

During the recovery period, your skin rebuilds and repairs itself–it’s incredible! However, broken skin is more susceptible to an infection, and an infection could interfere with the benefits of the treatment. Make sure you understand the post treatment protocol, and consider using a cleanser designed for skin prone to infection like CLn Facial Cleanser or CLn BodyWash if your doctor deems it appropriate.

Any cosmetic treatments that improve the appearance of your skin are great for your self-esteem. You’ll feel even better if you know how to protect yourself from an embarrassing and painful infection. We hope your entire year is filled with the selfcare you deserve, and remember that CLn Skin Care is always here to answer questions!


Disclaimer: The contents of this website are for informational purposes only and do not constitute medical advice. The information, graphics, and images on this website are not intended to substitute diagnosis and/or treatment by a medical professional. These products have been clinically tested and proven to be safe for intended use. Always seek the advice of a physician with any questions you may have regarding a specific medical condition.

What are Bacterial Biofilm in Skin Infections?

Continuing our New Year’s series about the importance of cleansing and moisturizing in self care, today we’ll dive into bacterial biofilm. We’ll tell you what it is and what it means for the health of your skin. Also, we’ll tell you what you should do about it. Read on!

What is Biofilm?

Biofilm builds vast networks
Think of biofilm as a neighborhood of bacteria establishing itself on your skin

We’re familiar with bacteria as a concept–it’s a fact of life and exists everywhere. If you think of bacteria as individual houses, biofilm is the subdivision they build when they want to create a community to make themselves more resilient and likely to survive. They do this by creating an extracellular substance (slime made of sugar units) that increases their chance of survival against intrusion. This community strength means they’re harder for us to eliminate with antibiotics and other treatments at our disposal. In fact, 80% of human infections are associated with biofilm, but it is difficult to detect.

Where does Biofilm live?

Biofilm can form within a 6-12 hours on virtually any object, and it thrives in wet environments. Biofilm grows on surfaces like those found in showers and gyms and on objects like kitchen utensils, animal, plant, or human tissue–and even medical devices like pacemakers and joint implants. Examples of biofilm you’d be familiar with are dental plaque and pond scum. However, biofilm can also be invisible to the human eye.

Why does Biofilm matter?

Your skin naturally protects you from infection when it is intact. But skin becomes susceptible when an accident or irritation turns into a wound. Biofilm can cause acne and Staph infections to become chronic issues rather than temporary annoyances. Patients with a severe infection will likely need ongoing antibiotics and other treatments that may take significant time to be effective.

Who needs to pay attention to Biofilm and Risk of Skin Infections?

If you deal with frequent skin irritations, arm yourself with the knowledge around how to prevent biofilm buildup. The below three audiences, in particular, should take special care.

If you play a contact sport or any sport that makes you work up a good sweat, thorough hygiene practices are important to protect your skin from infection. Shower within one hour of a workout and keep your clothes and gear clean and dry. If one waits to shower, the small number of bacteria present after a workout can grow from single units to colonies of bacteria that are shielded by a protective slime layer. Thereafter, they become much harder to remove and can be a breeding ground for bacteria to multiply rapidly.

Teenagers and Adults with Oily Skin
If you have oily skin, you are more prone to an infection at the hair follicle. Use a cleanser that targets the bacteria where it lives and a moisturizer that balances your skin after you’ve cleansed.

Eczema Patients
For those of you with eczema, you’re all too familiar with complicated treatments, lotions and medications often needed to control symptoms. Continue with your prescribed plan and arm yourself with effective cleansers, such as CLn BodyWash. Also, try as hard as possible not to scratch flares. Resulting abrasions are like throwing the doors wide open at a house party for biofilm.

What are other steps for prevention of Biofilm in skin infection?

The best course of action for biofilm infection prevention lies in keeping your skin clean and dry. Look for a cleanser like CLn BodyWash that is tough on microbes, but gentle on skin. CLn BodyWash is a sodium hypochlorite wash created in partnership with dermatologists especially for skin prone to irritations, rashes and infection. CLn SportWash is also recommended for use post-workout even for those without active breaks in the skin.

Another wise move is to think before you share. Biofilm germs can transfer from bars of soap, hats, sport equipment, bathtubs—you get the gist. We all are prone to have biofilm, but we don’t want to share others’ biofilm.

Also, think of your skin as a protective barrier designed to keep biofilm out of your body. Any breaks in skin allow those biofilm subdivisions to annex more land, metaphorically speaking. So, are your hands cracking in the dry, cold January air? Apply moisturizer to help repair the barrier. New gym shoes causing blisters? Break them in slowly to avoid popped blisters that result in open wounds.

What else can be done about biofilm?

Studies are being conducted to learn more about the molecular mechanisms that cause biofilm formation, why they grow, and why they’re able to resist common treatments like some antibiotics. A better understanding will significantly improve the resources available to healthcare providers to combat biofilm-related infection and will improve the health of patients. But continue to wash up! And don’t forget to give your nails a good scrubbing. Bacteria can breed under them, transfer to skin, and allow biofilm subdivisions to grow.

We hope this article has been helpful. Look for more health-related articles from CLn’s blog this month.

Disclaimer: The contents of this website are for informational purposes only and do not constitute medical advice. The information, graphics, and images on this website are not intended to substitute diagnosis and/or treatment by a medical professional. These products have been clinically tested and proven to be safe for intended use. Always seek the advice of a physician with any questions you may have regarding a specific medical condition.